The history of a family of lead miners in Swaledale who moved to South Durham then Trimdon to find work in the Durham coal mines.
There are a lot of Buxton's, Calverts and Dinsdales in the Registers of the parish church at Grinton and the Wesleyan Chapel records for Gunnerside. I believe many of them to be children of Richard and Sarah and will continue to enter information as I progress with my researches.
Here is an interesting site which I found. It gives you some of the history of the Swaledale area.
Some of the Gunnerside Chapel records are reported here.
Some of the Marriages in Grinton parish church are reported here.
Please use "Find" when on the page to seek your Buxton connections.
Richard Buxton was born about 1763. He married Sarah Colvert in December 1788 in the chapel in Muker. This is part of the parish of Grinton Yorkshire. Here are some of the church records which refer to those who may be part of their families.
George Buxton, their son was born 1791 in Lodge Green, Grinton.
George Buxton and Hannah Alton were married
In Grinton Parish Church
on 14 July 1812
Hannah, daughter of Thomas Alton of Lodge Green was baptised in Grinton parish church on 5 March 1792
George Buxton was born on 7 June 1822 in Gunnerside in the Yorkshire Dales
His parents were George Buxton and Hannah Alton
He was part of a large family
Richard Buxton born 10 April 1813
William Buxton born 28 March 1815
Thomas Buxton born 1 April 1818
Hannah Buxton was born 25 September 1820
George Buxton was born 7 June 1822
John Buxton was born 19 May 1825
They were all baptised in the Wesleyan Chapel at Gunnerside.
Grinton and Gunnerside are in an area where there were many
ancient lead mines.
Most of the local population were dependant on the lead mines in various ways.
George Buxton married Hannah Dinsdale
on 14 March 1843 in Grinton parish church
By this time most of the lead mines were closing and families
moved to the area around St. Helen's Auckland in Durham where they were able to
find work in the shallow coal mines
A son, Anthony, was born on 5th July 1848 at St. Helen's Auckland.
In 1851 we find George and Anthony Buxton on the census for St. Helen's Auckland. He is a widower and has a servant to care for Anthony.
|George Buxton||Coal Miner (Widower)||Age 28||born Mellicks|
|Anthony Buxton||Son||2||St. Helen's Auckland|
On 22 May 1851 George Buxton married Jane
Harrison in the
Parish church of St. Helen's Auckland.
She was the daughter of Joseph Harrison , a pitman and was born in St Helens Auckland.
Here is her family on the 1841 census
1841 Census, Auckland District. Bishop Auckland Fore Bondgate
Pitman (not born in area)
As engineering developed to allow coal to be mined from
deeper sources, more work became available nearer the coast where rich coal
seams dipped to a much lower level.
By 1853, George and Jane Buxton have moved to Trimdon along with the Harrison family.
1861 Trimdon Census - Trimdon Grange
|George Buxton||39||Coal Miner||Gunnerside|
|Anthony Buxton||12||Coal miner||St. Helens|
|William Harrison||(Lodger) 25||Coal Miner||Bp. Auckland|
|and next door|
|Hanah Harrison||55||Widow||Bp. Auckland|
|Elizabeth Harrison||28||Dressmaker||Bp. Auckland|
|Mary Harrison||21||Dressmaker||Bp. Auckland|
|Sarah Harrison||16||Dressmaker||Bp. Auckland|
|John Harrison||13||Coal Miner||West Auckland|
|Margaret Harrison||11||Scholar||West Auckland|
|Joseph Harrison||1 (Grand son)||Trimdon|
Her father Joseph Harrison is dead and one of her brothers must have married.
In the 1871 census for Trimdon, I found the following entry.
|George Buxton||Grocer and carrier||Age 48||Born Gunnerside|
|Jane Buxton||Wife||44||Bishop Auckland|
|Anthony Buxton||Miner||22||Bishop Auckland|
In 1875 Jane Buxton marries Robert Moreson, Robert is a butcher.
On 12 June 1878, at the Wesleyan Chapel in Hartlepool,
George Buxton married Mary Smith.
Mary gave her father's name as George Smith. From her entry on the 1901 census she was born in Derbyshire and her age fits that of the other Derbyshire Smiths daughter Mary.
On the 1881 census I found the following
|West New Biggin, Durham|
|George Buxton||Farmer(265acres)||Age 58||Born Gunnerside|
|Joseph Buxton||Farmers son||28||Trimdon Grange|
|John Buxton||Farmers son||21||Trimdon Grange|
|Robert Buxton||Farmers son||17||Trimdon Grange|
This area is in the Pennines, near Middle in Teasdale.
In Trimdon I found
|Cookes Terrace Trimdon|
|Robert Moreson||Head Butcher||35||Born Bishop Auckland|
|William Henry Morson||Son||3||Trimdon|
|William Buxton||Brother in law - Coal Miner||19||Trimdon|
|Elizabeth Buxton||Sister in law||14||Trimdon|
|at 24 Sunderland Street, Stanton (West Hartlepool)|
|George Buxton||Mineral Guard(Rail Guard)||23||Durham|
|Mary Buxton is not shown and her daughter's name should be Elizabeth.|
Anthony Buxton is not on the census although I have not found a death. He may have emigrated.
On the 1891 census
|116 Buxton's House, Trimdon Grange|
|George Buxton||Farmer (98 acres)||68|
|Robert Buxton||Limestone quarryman||26|
|7 South Terrace, Castle Eden Colliery|
|George Buxton||Coal Miner||40||Sedgefield|
|George R Buxton||Son||4||Sedgefield|
Elizabeth Buxton married George McDonald a quarryman in February 1899 at St. Helen's church Kelloe.
I believe that they emigrated to Australia.
Emily Buxton was born on 15th June 1881 at 24 Sunderland Street, West Hartlepool.
Jane Annie was born 9th February 1888 at 5 Temperance Street, Hartlepool. George is shown as a shipyard labourer.
Mary Ann (Polly) was born 29 November
1891 at 7 South Terrace, Castle Eden Colliery.
Her father George is now a coal miner.
Emily Buxton married John William Makepeace, a coal miner, at Kelloe Parish Church near Trimdon Grange on the 18th March 1899. She had eloped twice with him but been brought back before they could marry.
Jane Annie (Jenny) married William Wood. They had a daughter Violet who died 26 November 2010 aged 97 and a son Cyril. Violet had three sons, all married and have families of their own.
George Robert Buxton married Mary Ann Venables on 6 August 1910 at Thornley Parish Church. They had 4 children, Mary, Thomas William, Alfred and Edna May, Mary and Edna May are still living and remember lots of family details.
Ethel Buxton married Thomas Luke on 14th December 1907 at Thornley Parish Church.
They lived in Sunderland later.
In the 1901 census I found the family at 10 Rose Street, Trimdon
George Buxton Age 43 Coal Miner - Hewer born Durham
Mary Buxtonbsp; 50 born Derbyshire
Ethel Buxton 17
George R Buxton 14 Colliery pony driver
Jane A. Buxton 13
Mary A. Buxton 9
William Harrison age 64 a Colliery Labourer (below Ground) is a visitor
All the children are shown as born Durham.
Emily And John William Makepeace are visiting Elizabeth
and George McDonald.
Margaret Makepeace is 1 year old. They are at 1 Station Street, Trimdon Grange.
(Jane Annie Buxton)
|Her daughter celebrating her silver wedding||George Buxton Muriel and Violet|
Last updated August 2006